Cairo's hospitals include the JCI-accredited As-Salaam International Hospital—Corniche El Nile, Maadi (Egypt's largest private hospital with 350 beds), Ain Shams University Hospital, Dar Al Fouad, Nile Badrawi Hospital, 57357 Hospital, as well as Qasr El Eyni Hospital. The Cairo Geniza is an accumulation of almost 200,000 Jewish manuscripts that were found in the genizah of the Ben Ezra synagogue (built 882) of Fustat, Egypt (now Old Cairo), the Basatin cemetery east of Old Cairo, and a number of old documents that were bought in Cairo in the later 19th century. This area of Cairo is so-named as it contains the remains of the ancient Roman fortress of Babylon and also overlaps the original site of Fustat, the first Arab settlement in Egypt (7th century AD) and the predecessor of later Cairo. 30°3′29″N 31°13′44″E / 30.05806°N 31.22889°E / 30.05806; 31.22889, This article is about the Egyptian capital. The Citadel is located east of the city centre around Islamic Cairo, which dates back to the Fatimid era and the foundation of Cairo. [75], The city was devastated during the 1952 riots known as the Cairo Fire or Black Saturday, which saw the destruction of nearly 700 shops, movie theatres, casinos and hotels in Downtown Cairo. Single detached houses are symbolic of the wealthy. [96] Dew points in the hottest months range from 13.9 °C (57 °F) in June to 18.3 °C (65 °F) in August.[97]. Ägypten, im achtzehnten Jahre (640 n. [26] Egypt's capital was permanently moved to Cairo, which was eventually expanded to include the ruins of Fustat and the previous capitals of al-Askar and al-Qatta'i. [31] Meanwhile, Cairo flourished as a centre of Islamic scholarship and a crossroads on the spice trade route among the civilisations in Afro-Eurasia. However, most children do not finish school and opt to pick up a trade to enter the work force. Minor amendments were made later in 1924 and in 1936 - the "Faruq edition" in honour of then ruler, King Faruq. 6th of October City, west of Cairo, and New Cairo, east of Cairo, are major urban developments which have been built to accommodate additional growth and development of the Cairo area. The Fatimids built it as a separate palatial city which contained their palaces and institutions of government. Rainfall is sparse and only happens in the colder months, but sudden showers can cause severe flooding. The Travels of Ibn Battuta, p. 13, 225. Die Megastadt Kairo ist ägyptische Hauptstadt und die größte Metropole Afrikas und Arabiens, der Ballungsraum „Greater Cairo“ ist eine der bevölkerungsreichsten … Millions of protesters from a variety of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of the regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak. It provides a bird's eye view of Cairo to the restaurant patrons. One significant note Ibn Battuta made was that Cairo was the principal district of Egypt, meaning Cairo was Egypt's most important and most influential city (Ibn Battuta, 2009). Quelle : Abteilung für wirtschaftliche und soziale Angelegenheiten der Vereinten Nationen, Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika Bevölkerung, Aktuelle Bevölkerung (Stand 30. Ägypten grenzt an 3 Nachbarstaaten über Land für dieses Land beträgt der Reisewarnindex 4,3 (im Durchschnitt der Länderwerte). Das Zusammenspiel von moderner und traditioneller Architektur macht Kairo zu einer aussergewöhnlichen Stadt. Einwohner (2017) Bevölkerungswachstum 2,56% p.a. Analysts trying to grasp the magnitude of the change coined terms like "hyper-urbanization". Top 10 blogs in 2020 for remote teaching and learning; Dec. 11, 2020 Continuing a practice started by the Ayyubids, much of the land occupied by former Fatimid palaces was sold and replaced by newer buildings. The National Cultural Centre was built with the help of JICA, the Japan International Co-operation Agency and stands as a prominent feature for the Japanese-Egyptian co-operation and the friendship between the two nations. This achievement had also placed the Egyptian football team as the #9 best team in the world's FIFA rankings. The subway system, officially called "Metro (مترو)", is a fast and efficient way of getting around Cairo. [18] Lioui (Coptic: ⲗⲓⲟⲩⲓ) or Elioui (Coptic: ⲉⲗⲓⲟⲩⲓ) is another name which is a corruption of Greek name of Heliopolis (Greek: Ήλιούπολις). [64] Nevertheless, this led to Egypt's independence in 1922. Vor den Toren der Stadt stehen die … Snowfall is extremely rare; a small amount of graupel, widely believed to be snow, fell on Cairo's easternmost suburbs on 13 December 2013, the first time Cairo's area received this kind of precipitation in many decades. Zählt man die Region um die Stadt herum mit, sind es sogar rund 20 Millionen Einwohner. [138] The situation is so severe that in 2017 Cairo was named by one poll as the most dangerous megacity for women in the world. [71] The publication has been called a "terrific success", and the edition has been described as one "now widely seen as the official text of the Qur’an", so popular among both Sunni and Shi'a that the common belief among less well-informed Muslims is "that the Qur’an has a single, unambiguous reading". 9,6 Mio. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in close proximity to the city. We got a free upgrade to a suite facing the Nile with … [66][67] The goal of the government of the newly formed Kingdom of Egypt was not to delegitimize the other variant Quranic texts ("qira'at"), but to eliminate errors found in Qur’anic texts used in state schools. URL: History of Egypt under the Muhammad Ali dynasty, Arab Academy for Science & Technology and Maritime Transport, Misr University for Science and Technology, Heliopolis University for Sustainable Development, Evangelical Church of Egypt (Synod of the Nile), Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of twin towns and sister cities in Egypt, Cairo's belle époque architects 1900–1950, An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, "Population distribution by selected age groups, sex and governorate according to final results of 2017 Pop.Census (201993091923pop.pdf)",, "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2020 (20204139534pop.pdf)", "Historic Cairo – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Cairo – "Al-Qahira" – is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa", Globalization and World Cities Research Network, "Cairo's third metro line beats challenges", "The 150 Richest Cities in the World by GDP in 2005", "Talk:Wp/cop/ⲕⲁϣⲣⲱⲙⲓ – Wikimedia Incubator", بلال فضل يتفرغ لـ"أهل اسكندرية" بعد "أهل كايرو",, Studies in two transmissions of the Qur'an, Böwering, "Recent Research on the Construction of the Quran", 2008, Gender and Muslim Constructions of Exegetical Authority: A Rereading of the Classical Genre of Qurʾān Commentary, Reynolds, "Quranic studies and its controversies", 2008, "Egypt protests: Anti-Mubarak demonstrators arrested", "Egyptians report poor communication services on Day of Anger", "Egypt protests: curfew defied in Cairo and other cities", "Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali forced to flee Tunisia as protesters claim victory", "Egypt unveils plans to build new capital east of Cairo", "World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification", "Biblical snowstorm: Rare flakes in Cairo, Jerusalem paralyzed by over a foot", "Cairo Climate Guide: Monthly Weather, Egypt", "To Catch Cairo Overflow, 2 Megacities Rise in Sand", Map of Greater Cairo & SODIC Developments, "Al-Ahram Weekly | Features | Reaching an impasse", "Egypt to build country's first ever monorail in Cairo", "Cairo monorail trains to be built in UK", "Panda, Buy from Mod Car. Kairo ist die Hauptstadt von Ägypten.In und um die Stadt herum leben etwa 20 Millionen Einwohner.Damit ist Kairo eine der größten Städte der Welt. One of the most important and lasting institutions founded in the Fatimid period was the Mosque of al-Azhar, founded in 970 AD, which competes with the Qarawiyyin in Fes for the title of oldest university in the world. Under the rule of President el-Sisi, in March 2015 plans were announced for another yet-unnamed planned city to be built further east of the existing satellite city of New Cairo, intended to serve as the new capital of Egypt. [118] To the north of this Coptic enclave is the Amr ibn al-'As Mosque, the first mosque in Egypt and the most important religious centre of what was formerly Fustat, founded in 642 AD right after the Arab conquest but rebuilt many times since. Außergewöhnlich . The Taylor-Schechter collection in the University of Cambridge runs to 140,000 manuscripts, a further 40,000 manuscripts are at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. [90], Low periods of the Nile during the 11th century continued to add to the landscape of Cairo; a new island, known as Geziret al-Fil, first appeared in 1174, but eventually became connected to the mainland. Cairo itself was besieged by a British and Ottoman force culminating with the French surrender on 22 June 1801. Bewertung . ٦ ش د/هانم محمد خلف مطعم اندريا حدائق الاهرام القديمه, Giza, 12755 Kairo, Ägypten – Ausgezeichnete Lage - Karte anzeigen Hervorragende Lage — bewertet mit 9,7/10! This hotel was a pleasant surprise to us after we left our previous hotel. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020. Homes, roads, electricity, telephone and sewer services were all in short supply. The best known teams are Al Ahly, El Zamalek and Al-Ismaily. The land on which Cairo was established in 969 (present-day Islamic Cairo) was located underwater just over three hundred years earlier, when Fustat was first built. Quelle: Pew Research Center. [38] For this reason, the history of Cairo during Ottoman times is often described as inconsequential, especially in comparison to other time periods. They have the two biggest football teams in Egypt. Hervorragend . Al Ahly and El Zamalek annual football tournament is perhaps the most watched sports event in Egypt as well as the African-Arab region. Berlin hat weniger Einwohner als Kairo. The most prominent architectural heritage of medieval Cairo, however, dates from the Mamluk period, from 1250 to 1517 AD. Greater Cairo's volatile aromatic hydrocarbon levels are higher than many other similar cities. [87] The Cairo Governorate was just north of the Helwan Governorate from 2008 when some Cairo's southern districts, including Maadi and New Cairo, were split off and annexed into the new governorate,[93] to 2011 when the Helwan Governorate was reincorporated into the Cairo Governorate. Most of the sports federations of the country are also located in the city suburbs, including the Egyptian Football Association. On Rich and Poor in Egypt. The Cairo Tower is a free-standing tower with a revolving restaurant at the top. In summer, the highs rarely surpass 40 °C (104 °F), and lows drop to about 20 °C (68 °F). Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Although the Cairo metropolis extends away from the Nile in all directions, the city of Cairo resides only on the east bank of the river and two islands within it on a total area of 453 square kilometres (175 sq mi). kairòs by renat.o 36 157 Kairo - Cairo by René 72 23 With a population of over 9 million spread over 3,085 square kilometers (1,191 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. 7,9 Millionen Einwohner. Cairo's Tahrir Square was the focal point of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution against former president Hosni Mubarak. The dangerously high levels of mercury in the city's water system has global health officials concerned over related health risks. Die Altstadt von Kairo beeindruckt mit unzähligen Moscheen, Koran-Schulen, Palästen, Bazaren und historischen Bauten. des Islam dem neuentstandenen Reiche erobert, hatte schon vor dem zersetzenden Angriffe der Horden Hulagus im 13. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located in its geographical area. [32][47], The French occupation was short-lived as British and Ottoman forces, including a sizeable Albanian contingent, recaptured the country in 1801. Cairo, as well as neighbouring Giza, has been established as Egypt's main centre for medical treatment, and despite some exceptions, has the most advanced level of medical care in the country. Die monumentale antike Vorgeschichte und die reiche Kultur übt auf Urlauber eine magische Anziehung aus. Dies bedeutet, dass die Anzahl der Personen, Drivers tend to be aggressive, but are more courteous at junctions, taking turns going, with police aiding in traffic control of some congested areas. One city he stopped in was Cairo, Egypt. [35] During its initial, and most deadly waves, approximately 200,000 people were killed by the plague,[36] and, by the 15th century, Cairo's population had been reduced to between 150,000 and 300,000. [46] The city was the second-largest in the empire, behind Constantinople, and, although migration was not the primary source of Cairo's growth, twenty percent of its population at the end of the 18th century consisted of religious minorities and foreigners from around the Mediterranean. This was followed by a third consecutive win in Angola 2010, making Egypt the only country with a record 3-consecutive and 7-total Continental Football Competition winner. It is also the location of the Coptic Museum, which showcases the history of Coptic art from Greco-Roman to Islamic times, and of the Ben Ezra Synagogue, the oldest and best-known synagogue in Cairo, where the important collection of Geniza documents were discovered in the 19th century. Anzahl der Anhänger ( 30.12.2020 - It was enclosed by a circuit of walls, which were rebuilt in stone in the late 11th century AD by the vizir Badr al-Gamali,[126] parts of which survive today at Bab Zuwayla in the south and Bab al-Futuh and Bab al-Nasr in the north. [28] As the first Sultan of Egypt, Saladin established the Ayyubid dynasty, based in Cairo, and aligned Egypt with the Abbasids, who were based in Baghdad. Januar des entsprechenden Jahres angegeben. Today, the site of Geziret al-Fil is occupied by the Shubra district. The Greater Cairo is the largest metropolitan area in Africa. [19] Cairo is also referred to as ⲭⲏⲙⲓ, which means Egypt in Coptic, the same way it's referred to in Egyptian Arabic. [86][87] Geologically, Cairo lies on alluvium and sand dunes which date from the quaternary period. Nachfolgend sind die Kennzahlen für die Bevölkerung im Jahr 2019 aufgeführt: Die Bevölkerungsdichte in Ägypten beträgt ab Dezember 2020 101,2 Einwohner pro Quadratkilometer. As al Qahira expanded these earlier settlements were encompassed, and have since become part of the city of Cairo as it expanded and spread; they are now collectively known as "Old Cairo". Cairo, specifically Ramses Square, is the centre of almost the entire Egyptian transportation network.[103]. However, the origins of the modern city are generally traced back to a series of settlements in the first millennium. [29] During his reign, Saladin constructed the Cairo Citadel, which served as the seat of the Egyptian government until the mid-19th century. Emporis bietet umfangreiche Informationen zu Immobilien, Bauprojekten, Architektur, Bauwesen und Stadtplanung in Kairo. Chr.) A rebellion in 869 by Ahmad ibn Tulun led to the abandonment of Al Askar and the building of another settlement, which became the seat of government. [20], Sometimes the city is informally referred to as Kayro by people from Alexandria (IPA: [ˈkæjɾo]; Egyptian Arabic: كايرو‎).[21]. The Mamluks, and the later Ottomans, also built wikalas or caravanserais to house merchants and goods due to the important role of trade and commerce in Cairo's economy. The summer months have high humidity due to its coastal location. After the Egyptian Revolution of 1919 the square became widely known as Tahrir (Liberation) Square, though it was not officially renamed as such until after the 1952 Revolution which eliminated the monarchy. Tahrir Square was founded during the mid 19th century with the establishment of modern downtown Cairo. Hier finden Sie eine Übersicht der Gebäude und Bauwerke in Kairo, Ägypten.